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Genetic susceptibility to occupational exposures.

Authors
Christiani-DC; Mehta-AJ; Yu-CL
Source
Occup Environ Med 2008 Jun; 65(6):430-436
NIOSHTIC No.
20033884
Abstract
Because of their high prevalence in the general population, genetic variants that determine susceptibility to environmental exposures may contribute greatly to the development of occupational diseases in the setting of specific exposures occurring in the workplace. Studies investigating genetic susceptibilities in the workplace may: (1) provide mechanistic insight into the aetiology of disease, in particular the determination of environmentally responsive genes; (2) identify susceptible subpopulations with respect to exposure; and (3) provide valuable input in setting occupational exposure limits by taking genetic susceptibility into account. Polymorphisms in the NAT2 and the HLA-DPB1(G)(lu69) genes provide classic examples of how genetic susceptibility markers have a clear role in identifying disease risk in bladder cancer and chronic beryllium disease, respectively. For diseases with more complex and multifactorial aetiology such as occupational asthma and chronic airways disease, susceptibility studies for selected genetic polymorphisms provide additional insight into the biological mechanisms of disease. Even when polymorphisms for genetic susceptibility have a clear role in identifying disease risk, the value of wide scale genetic screening in occupational settings remains limited due to primarily ethical and social concerns. Thus, large scale genetic screening in the workplace is not currently recommended.
Keywords
Exposure-assessment; Genes; Genetic-factors; Genetics; Sensitivity-testing; Work-environment; Workplace-studies; Blood-vessels; Chemical-hypersensitivity; Biological-factors
Contact
David Christiani, M.D., M.P.H., Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Building I-1407, Boston, MA 02115
CODEN
OEMEEM
Publication Date
20080601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dchris@hsph.harvard.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-002421; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008416
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
1351-0711
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
MA
Performing Organization
Harvard University
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