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Understanding the role of sex differences in work injuries: implications for primary care practice.

Authors
Harrold-LR; Savageau-JA; Pransky-G; Benjamin-K
Source
Disabil Rehabil 2008 Jan; 30(1):36-43
NIOSHTIC No.
20033863
Abstract
PURPOSE: Primary care physicians care for work-injured women and men, yet there is little information on sex differences in outcomes and factors contributing to post-injury outcomes to guide their evaluation and recommendations. METHODS: Two self-administered questionnaires were sent to a large sample of women and men with work injuries reported to the New Hampshire (USA) Department of Labour between November 2000 and March 2002. Factors associated with the work injury and outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 3001 persons (1448 women and 1553 men) completed the first questionnaire and 67% completed the second questionnaire. Work-injured women were significantly younger, more educated, more likely to be single, had more pre-injury comorbidities, and worked in less physically demanding occupations as compared to work-injured men. Women's injuries were more often a result of routine job tasks and of gradual onset. Women had worse long-term outcomes including job stability and post-injury income. In multivariate analyses, being female was independently associated with a negative employer response and greater future work concerns. CONCLUSIONS: Women and men differ in terms of work injury circumstances and factors contributing to post-injury outcomes. Primary care providers should consider sex when evaluating and treating work-injured adults.
Keywords
Injuries; Occupational-health; Worker-health; Employee-health; Age-groups; Medical-care; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Medical-treatment; Men; Medical-services; Sex-factors; Women; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-medicine; Occupations
Contact
Leslie R. Harrold, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655
CODEN
DREHET
Publication Date
20080101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
HarroldL@ummhc.org
Funding Amount
774373
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003937
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0963-8288
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
Source Name
Disability & Rehabilitation
State
MA
Performing Organization
University of Massachusetts, Worchester, Massachusetts
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