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Fatal occupational injuries - United States, 1980-1994.

Authors
NIOSH
Source
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 1998 May; 279(20):1600-1601
NIOSHTIC No.
20033819
Abstract
From 1980 through 1994, a total of 88,622 civilian workers died in the United States from occupational injuries, an average of 16 work-related deaths per day. The annual total number of deaths declined 27%, from 7405 in 1980 to 5406 in 1994 (Figure-1). The average rate for occupational injury deaths for all workers decreased 41%, from 7.5 per 100,000 workers in 1980 to 4.4 per 100,000 workers in 1994 (Figure-1). Motor-vehicle -related deaths, the leading cause of death for U.S. workers since 1980 (Figure-2), accounted for 23.1% of deaths during the 15-year period. Homicides became the second leading cause of occupational injury deaths in 1990 (13.5% of occupation-related deaths), surpassing machine-related deaths (13.3% of total). The industries in which the largest numbers of deaths occurred during this period were construction (16,091 deaths {18.2%}), transportation/communication/public utilities (15,668 {17.7%}), and manufacturing (12,371 {14.0%}). Industries with the highest death rates per 100,000 workers were mining (30.5), agriculture/ forestry/fishing (20.5), and construction (15.5). The occupation categories in which the largest numbers of deaths occurred were precision production/crafts/repairers (17,392 {19.6%}), transportation/material movers (16,134 {18.2%}), and farmers/foresters/ fishers (10,960 {12.4%}). Occupation categories with the highest death rates per 100,000 workers were transportation/material movers (23.0), farmers/foresters/fishers (20.7), and handlers/equipment cleaners/helpers/laborers (15.1).
Keywords
Occupational-accidents; Mortality-rates; Statistical-analysis; Construction; Transportation; Miners; Agricultural-industry; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries
CODEN
JAMAAP
Publication Date
19980527
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
20
ISSN
0098-7484
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
Journal of the American Medical Association
State
WV
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