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Reducing commercial fishing deck hazards with engineering solutions for winch design.

Authors
Lincoln-JM; Lucas-DL; McKibbin-RW; Woodward-CC; Bevan-JE
Source
J Saf Res 2008 Apr; 39(2):231-235
NIOSHTIC No.
20033808
Abstract
Introduction: the majority (67%) of hospitalized injuries among Alaska commercial fishermen are associated with deck machinery. This paper describes the "Prevention Through Design" process to mitigate one serious machinery entanglement hazard posed by a capstan deck winch. Methods: after observing that the capstan winch provides no entanglement protection and the hydraulic controls are usually out of reach of the entangled person, NIOSH personnel met with fishermen and winch manufacturers to discuss various design solutions to mitigate these hazards. Results: an emergency-stop ("e-stop") system was developed that incorporated a momentary contact button that when pushed, switches a safety-relay that de-energizes the solenoid of an electro-hydraulic valve stopping the rotating winch. The vessel owners that had the e-stop installed enthusiastically recommend it to other fishermen. NIOSH entered into a Proprietary Technology Licensing Agreement with a company to develop the system for commercial use. Conclusions: this is an example of a practical engineering control that effectively protects workers from a hazardous piece of equipment by preventing injuries due to entanglement. This solution could reduce these types of debilitating injuries and fatalities in this industry.
Keywords
Work-analysis; Work-practices; Risk-factors; Fishing-industry; Dockworkers; Industrial-engineering; Safety-education; Safety-engineering; Safety-equipment; Safety-research; Machine-guarding
CODEN
JSFRAV
Publication Date
20080401
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0022-4375
NIOSH Division
APRO
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
SIC Code
NAICS-1141
Source Name
Journal of Safety Research
State
AK; OH
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