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Bioterrorism-related anthrax surveillance, Connecticut, September-December, 2001.

Authors
Williams-AA; Parashar-UD; Stoica-A; Ridzon-R; Kirschke-DL; Meyer-RF; McClellan-J; Fischer-M; Nelson-R; Cartter-M; Hadler-JL; Jernigan-JA; Mast-EE; Swerdlow-DL; Connecticut Anthrax Investigation Team
Source
Emerg Infect Dis 2002 Oct; 8(10):1078-1082
NIOSHTIC No.
20033725
Abstract
On November 19, 2001, a case of inhalational anthrax was identified in a 94-year-old Connecticut woman, who later died. We conducted intensive surveillance for additional anthrax cases, which included collecting data from hospitals, emergency departments, private practitioners, death certificates, postal facilities, veterinarians, and the state medical examiner. No additional cases of anthrax were identified. The absence of additional anthrax cases argued against an intentional environmental release of Bacillus anthracis in Connecticut and suggested that, if the source of anthrax had been cross-contaminated mail, the risk for anthrax in this setting was very low. This surveillance system provides a model that can be adapted for use in similar emergency settings.
Keywords
Biological-warfare-agents; Infectious-diseases; Environmental-contamination; Disease-transmission; Inhalants; Inhalation-studies; Aerosols
CODEN
EIDIFA
Publication Date
20021001
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
1080-6040
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Emerging Infectious Diseases
State
OH; CT
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