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A retrospective investigation of PM10 in ambient air and cardiopulmonary hospital admissions in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania: 1995-2000.

Authors
Arena-VC; Mazumdar-S; Zborowski-JV; Talbott-EO; He-S; Chuang-YH; Schwerha-JJ
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2006 Jan; 48(1):38-47
NIOSHTIC No.
20033674
Abstract
Objective: Air quality in Allegheny. County, Pennsylvania, has improved over the last decade, and we investigated whether the lower concentrations of fine Particulate matter (PM10) are still associated with adverse health outcomes. Methods: Daily cardiopulmonary hospital admissions in elderly residents of Allegheny County and countywide average PM10 measures were available from 1995 through 2000. Using generalized additive models (GAM), a Poisson regression model was fit to the number of daily admissions using predictor variables: lags of PM10, daily temperature and humidity, day of the week, and time. Results: Our findings suggest that there is a positive association of PM10 with hospital admissions, and the effect is related to current-day PM10 levels. Conclusions: Even at the lower levels of ambient air pollution as measured by PM10, there is still a suggestion of an adverse health effect in the elderly.
Keywords
Air-quality; Cardiopulmonary-system-disorders; Cardiopulmonary-system; Models; Environmental-contamination; Environmental-factors; Environmental-pollution; Statistical-analysis; Age-factors
Contact
Vincent C. Arena, PhD, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Biostatistics, 318 Parran Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20060101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
arena@pitt.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T01-OH-008616
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
PA
Performing Organization
University of Pittsburgh
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