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Occupational and environmental respiratory disease.

Authors
Harber-P; Schenker-MB; Balmes-JR
Source
Harber P, Schenker MB, Balmes JR, eds., St. Louis MO: Mosby, 1995 Jul; :1-1038
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20033493
Abstract
Occupational and environmental exposures play major roles in causing many forms of respiratory disease. All humans are exposed to potential occupational or environmental toxins such as indoor or ambient air pollutants or unique respiratory toxins occurring in the workplace. No longer are occupational toxin exposures limited to blue-collar jobs in heavy industries such as mining and manufacturing; significant hazards exist in modem industries and office environments. The disorders resulting from these exposures are diverse in nature, ranging from acute lung injury from toxic gas inhalation to subtle effects of environmental pollutants upon persons with asthma. All aspects of the respiratory system, from the nose to the alveoli, can be affected by inhaled environmental agents; therefore this book seeks to address the full range of respiratory effects of environmental exposures. The respiratory system does not distinguish whether an inhaled agent came from a workplace or a community (nonoccupational) source. For this reason, a unitary approach, jointly considering occupational and environmental respiratory disease, is employed in this book. However, exposure assessment methods and control strategies often differ between workplace and community environments; these differences are discussed. There are many perspectives and approaches to understanding occupational and environmental respiratory diseases. These include clinical approaches, focused upon the diagnosis and treatment of disease in an individual patient; environmental monitoring perspectives, emphasizing evaluation of the potential exposures; epidemiologic assessment, evaluating patterns of health and disease in groups of persons; biologic considerations of the mechanisms by which environmental agents produce disease; and public policy aspects, emphasizing control by regulation and law. This book is predicated on the belief that approaches to understanding respiratory disease are intertwined, and all must be integrated to prevent and manage such disorders. There is also a strong emphasis on the relationship between disease and exposure, recognizing that disease prevention is directly related to controlling exposure. However, discussion of fundamental biologically oriented research, without direct clinical or public health implications, has been deemphasized. These topics are covered in more detail in other texts.
Keywords
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Humans; Occupational-exposure; Environmental-exposure; Indoor-air-pollution; Indoor-environmental-quality
Publication Date
19950701
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Harber-P; Schenker-MB; Balmes-JR
Funding Amount
1055222
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
1995
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780801677281
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U07-CCU-906162
Source Name
Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Disease
State
MO; CA
Performing Organization
University of California - Davis
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