Managing insects and mites with spray oils.
Davidson-NA; Dibble-JE; Flint-ML; Marer-PJ; Guye-A
Oakland, CA: IPM Education and Publications, Statewide Integrated Pest Management Project, University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Publication 3347, 1991 Dec; :1-45
Petroleum oil sprays have been used for pest control for more than 100 years. Their limited use in the late 1800s and early 1900s, primarily as dormant sprays for deciduous tree crops, stemmed partly from concerns that oil sprays applied during the growing season might injure plants, as had earlier oil formulations. Most oils registered for use in pest control in the United States today are still distillations of petroleum, although cottonseed and other plant-derived oils may eventually be used more. Mineral, horticultural spray, and citrus oils are all terms that describe various types of spray oils available. Narrow-range horticultural spray oils were developed in the mid-1960s and have been in use since. They rarely cause phytotoxicity, and are gaining acceptance for use during the growing season to control a wide array of insect and mite pests on deciduous fruit trees, citrus trees, and ornamental trees and shrubs. In addition, other oils developed in the 1980s do not contaminate the air, soil, or water.
Pesticides; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Pests; Crop-spraying; Chemical-analysis; Chemical-properties; Environmental-control; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-factors; Environmental-hazards; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Exposure-methods; Toxic-effects
Book or book chapter
Managing Insects and Mites with Spray Oils
University of California - Davis