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Issues when modeling benzene, toluene, and xylene exposures using a literature database.

Authors
Hein-MJ; Waters-MA; van Wijngaarden-E; Deddens-JA; Stewart-PA
Source
J Occup Environ Hyg 2008 Jan; 5(1):36-47
NIOSHTIC No.
20033170
Abstract
A database of benzene, toluene, and xylene measurements was compiled from an extensive literature review that contained information on several exposure determinants, including job type, operation, mechanism of release, process type, ventilation, temperature, distance from the source, quantity, and location. The database was used to develop statistical models for benzene, toluene, and xylene exposure as a function of operation and other workplace determinants. These models can be used to predict exposure levels for subjects enrolled in community-based case-control studies. This article presents the derived parameter estimates for specific operations and additional workplace exposure determinants and describes a number of statistical and data limitation issues that are inherent in determinants modeling of historical published data.
Keywords
Solvents; Solvent-vapors; Models; Computer-models; Statistical-analysis; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Case-studies
Contact
Misty J. Hein, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Mail-Stop R-13, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
JOEHA2
CAS No.
71-43-2; 108-88-3; 1330-20-7
Publication Date
20080101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
MHein@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1545-9624
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
OH; NY; MD
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