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A method to quantify hand-transmitted vibration exposure based on the biodynamic stress concept.

Dong-RG; Welcome-DE; Wu-JZ
Proc Inst Mech Eng, H J Eng Med 2007 Nov; 221(8):847-861
This study generally hypothesized that the vibration-induced biodynamic stress and number of its cycles in a substructure of the hand-arm system play an important role in the development of vibration-induced disorders in the substructure. As the first step to test this hypothesis, the specific aims of this study were to develop a practical method to quantify the biodynamic stress-cycle measure, to compare it with ISO-weighted and unweighted accelerations, and to assess its potential for applications. A mechanical-equivalent model of the system was established using reported experimental data. The model was used to estimate the average stresses in the fingers and palm. The frequency weightings of the stresses in these substructures were derived using the proposed stress-cycle measure. This study found the frequency dependence of the average stress distributed in the fingers is different from that in the palm. Therefore, this study predicted that the frequency dependencies of finger disorders could also be different from those of the disorders in the palm, wrist, and arms. If vibration-induced white finger (VWF) is correlated better with unweighted acceleration than with ISO-weighted acceleration, the biodynamic stress distributed in the fingers is likely to play a more important role in the development of VWF than is the biodynamic stress distributed in the other substructures of the hand-arm system. The results of this study also suggest that the ISO weighting underestimates the high-frequency effect on the finger disorder development but it may provide a reasonable risk assessment of the disorders in the wrist and arm.
Biodynamics; Biomechanics; Biomechanical-modeling; Vibration-exposure; Vibration-pickups; Vibration; Vibration-disease; Vibration-effects; Vibration-exposure; Hand-injuries; Hand-tools; Work-analysis; Work-operations; Worker-health
R G Dong, Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505
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Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine