Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Maximum forces sustained during various methods of exiting commercial tractors, trailers and trucks.

Authors
Fathallah-FA; Cotnam-JP
Source
Appl Ergon 2000 Jan; 31(1):25-33
NIOSHTIC No.
20033076
Abstract
Many commercial vehicles have steps and grab-rails to assist the driver in safely entering/exiting the vehicle. However, many drivers do not use these aids. The purpose of this study was to compare impact forces experienced during various exit methods from commercial equipment. The study investigated impact forces of ten male subjects while exiting two tractors, a step-van, a box-trailer, and a cube-van. The results showed that exiting from cab-level or trailer-level resulted in impact forces as high as 12 times the subject's body weight; whereas, fully utilizing the steps and grab-rails resulted in impact forces less than two times body weight. An approach that emphasizes optimal design of entry/exit aids coupled with driver training and education is expected to minimize exit-related injuries.
Keywords
Transportation; Trucking; Drivers; Safety-climate; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-practices; Force; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Occupational-safety-programs; Body-mechanics; Body-protection; Body-weight; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Musculoskeletal-system; Ergonomics
Contact
Fadi A. Fathallah: Liberty Mutual Research Center for Safety and Health, 71 Frankland Rd, Hopkinton, MA 01748
CODEN
AERGBW
Publication Date
20000104
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
fathallah@libertymutual.com
Funding Amount
1055222
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2000
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U07-CCU-906162
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0003-6870
Source Name
Applied Ergonomics
State
MA; CA
Performing Organization
University of California - Davis
TOP