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Effects of environmental and job-task factors on workers' gait characteristics on slippery surfaces.

Authors
Chiou-SS; Bhattacharya-A; Lai-C-F; Succop-PA
Source
Occup Ergon 2002/2003 Dec; 3(4):209-223
NIOSHTIC No.
20033004
Abstract
The objective of this study was to investigate the kinetic and kinematic aspects of slips associated with gait on a slippery surface under various environmental and job-task risk factors. Forty healthy industrial workers (age: 40.3 - 14.9 years) participated in the study. Using a strain gauge type force platform and a video-based motion analysis system, kinetic and kinematic measurements of the subjects' foot movements were obtained. Of all gait trials, there were 1558 slips (60.9%). Slips were likely to occur when subjects were negotiating a turning path and an oily surface. Greater anterior-posterior center of pressure (CP) excursion and maximum required coefficient of friction (RCOF) were found for oily surfaces compared to dry surfaces. Subjects changed their gait patterns by shortening their stride length, slowing walking speed, and decreasing heel contact angle in the poorly lit and slippery environment. Significant correlations were found between slip occurrence and anterior-posterior CP excursion, mean RCOF, sliding distance and sliding velocity, but not the coefficient of friction (COF) of shoes. In addition to good housekeeping and proper selection of floor materials and safety shoes, slip and fall prevention should include proper workers' training in dealing with risk factors of slips and falls in the workplace.
Keywords
Posture; Ergonomics; Motion-studies; Musculoskeletal-system; Environmental-factors; Environmental-technology; Analytical-processes; Neuromotor-system; Work-environment; Work-analysis; Walking-surfaces; Training; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Protective-measures; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-research; Safety-practices
Contact
Sharon S. Chiou, NIOSH, DSR, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS G-800, Mprgantown, WV 26505
Publication Date
200312101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
schiou@cdc.gov
Funding Amount
632805
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003079
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1359-9364
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
Occupational Ergonomics
State
WV; OH
Performing Organization
University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio
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