The bimolecular rate constants, kOH+ß-ionone (118±30)×10-12 cm3 molecule-1 s-1 and kO3+ß-ionone, (0.19±0.05)×10-16 cm3 molecule-1 s-1, were measured using the relative rate technique for the reaction of the hydroxyl radical (OH) and ozone (O3) with 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-3-buten-2-one (ß-ionone) at 297±3 K and 1 atm total pressure. To more clearly define part of ß-ionone's indoor environment degradation mechanism, the products of the ß-ionone+OH and ß-ionone+O3 reactions were also investigated. The identified ß-ionone+OH reaction products were: glyoxal (ethanedial, HC(=O)C(=O)H), and methylglyoxal (2-oxopropanal, CH3C(=O)C(=O)H) and the identified ß-ionone+O3 reaction product was 2-oxopropanal. The derivatizing agents O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)hydroxylamine (PFBHA) and N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA) were used to propose 2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-ene-1-carbaldehyde as the other major ß-ionone+OH and ß-ionone+O3 reaction product. The elucidation of this other reaction product was facilitated by mass spectrometry of the derivatized reaction products coupled with plausible ß-ionone+OH and ß-ionone+O3 reaction mechanisms based on previously published volatile organic compound+OH and volatile organic compound+O3 gas-phase reaction mechanisms. The additional gas-phase products observed from the ß-ionone+OH reaction are proposed to be the result of cyclization through a radical intermediate.
J. Raymond Wells, Exposure Assessment Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505