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Comparison of chlorpyrifos-oxon and paraoxon acetylcholinesterase inhibition dynamics: potential role of a peripheral binding site.

Authors
Kousba-A; Sultatos-LG; Poet-T; Timchalk-C
Source
Toxicol Sci 2004 Aug; 80(2):239-248
NIOSHTIC No.
20032917
Abstract
The primary mechanism of action for organophosphorus (OP) insecticides, like chlorpyrifos and parathion, is to inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by their oxygenated metabolites (oxons), due to the phosphorylation of the serine hydroxyl group located in the active site of the molecule. The rate of phosphorylation is described by the bimolecular inhibitory rate constant (ki), which has been used for quantification of OP inhibitory capacity. It has been proposed that a peripheral binding site exists on the AChE molecule, which, when occupied, reduces the capacity of additional oxon molecules to phosphorylate the active site. The aim of this study was to evaluate the interaction of chlorpyrifos oxon (CPO) and paraoxon (PO) with rat brain AChE to assess the dynamics of AChE inhibition and the potential role of a peripheral binding site. The ki values for AChE inhibition determined at oxon concentrations of 1-100 nM were 0.206 0.018 and 0.0216 nM-1h-1 for CPO and PO, respectively. The spontaneous reactivation rates of the inhibited AChE for CPO and PO were 0.084-0.087 (two determinations) and 0.091 0.023 h-1, respectively. In contrast, the ki values estimated at a low oxon concentration (1 pM) were 1,000- and 10,000-fold higher than those determined at high CPO and PO concentrations, respectively. At low concentrations, the ki estimates were approximately similar for both CPO and PO (150-180 [two determinations] and 300 180 nM-1h-1, respectively). This implies that, at low concentrations, both oxons exhibited similar inhibitory potency in contrast to the marked difference exhibited at higher concentrations. These results support the potential importance of a secondary peripheral binding site associated with AChE kinetics, particularly at low, environmentally relevant concentrations.
Keywords
Organo-phosphorus-compounds; Organo-phosphorus-pesticides; Pesticides; In-vitro-studies; Models; Environmental-factors; Insecticide-poisoning; Quantitative-analysis; Laboratory-animals; Brain-function; Brain-electrical-activity; Cerebrovascular-system-disorders
Contact
C. Timchalk, Battelle, Pacific Northwest Division, 902 Battelle Boulevard, P.O. Box 999, Richland, WA 99352
CODEN
TOSCF2
CAS No.
2921-88-2
Publication Date
20040801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
charles.timchalk@pnl.gov
Funding Amount
246279
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003629
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1096-6080
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
Toxicological Sciences
State
WA; NJ
Performing Organization
Battelle Memorial Institute, Richland, Washington
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