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Quality of life of adults with workplace exacerbation of asthma.

Authors
Lowery-EP; Henneberger-PK; Rosiello-R; Sama-SR; Preusse-P; Milton-DK
Source
Qual Life Res 2007 Dec; 16(10):1605-1613
NIOSHTIC No.
20032901
Abstract
A cross-sectional study collecting demographic, work history, disease, and quality-of-life (QOL) data from adults with asthma was explored for a relationship between workplace exacerbation of asthma (WEA) and QOL. The study population of adults with asthma was drawn from adults affiliated with Fallon Community Health Plan, a health maintenance organization serving Massachusetts. The sample consisted of 598 adults with asthma. Based on univariate analyses, study participants with WEA had a statistically significant higher Total QOL score, indicating a worse quality of life, than participants whose asthma was not work-related (2.43 vs. 1.74, P <= 0.001), and also higher scores on the instrument's four subscales for Breathlessness, Mood Disturbance, Social Disruptions, and Health Concerns. After controlling for covariates using multiple linear regression, the relationship between WEA and the Total QOL score was statistically significant (P = 0.0004) with a coefficient of 0.54. The coefficient for WEA was also statistically significant based on regression models for all the subscales with the exception of the Breathlessness score (P = 0.08). In summary, WEA was associated with a worse QOL. Ideally, employees and employers would work together to minimize the conditions at work that contribute to WEA, which should decrease the frequency of WEA and related degradation of QOL.
Keywords
Occupational-respiratory-disease; Sociological-factors; Irritants; Work-environment; Worker-health; Occupational-exposure; Immune-reaction; Psychological-responses; Psychological-stress; Psychophysiology; Public-health; Psychophysiological-testing; Psychological-reactions; Statistical-analysis
Contact
PK Henneberger, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
QLREEG
Publication Date
20071201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
pkh0@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0962-9343
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Quality of Life Research
State
WV; MA
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