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Control of exposure to perchloroethylene in commercial drycleaning (substitution).

Authors
NIOSH
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1999 Jul; 14(7):433-435
NIOSHTIC No.
20032877
Abstract
Defnition of Hazard Perchloroethylene (PERC) is the most commonly used dry cleaning solvent. PERC can enter the body through respiratory and dermal exposure. Symptoms associated with exposure include depression of the central nervous system; damage to the liver and kidneys; impaired memory; confusion; dizziness; headac he; drowsiness; and eye, nose, and throat irritation. Repeated dermal exposure may result in dermatitis. NIOSH considers PERC a potential human carcinogen. To reduce exposure to dry cleaning solvents, a comprehensive control approach should be followed involving engineering measures, work practices, and personal protection. Engineering measures are the most effec tive means of control and should generally be considered first. If a substance is hazardous to health or to the environment, sound industrial hygiene practice dictates that a less hazardous material or process be considered as a substitute.
Keywords
Dry-cleaning-industry; Dry-cleaning-solvents; Chemical-cleaning; Chemical-hypersensitivity; Carcinogens; Dermatitis; Skin-absorption; Central-nervous-system-disorders; Hepatotoxicity; Kidney-disorders; Mental-processes; Vision-disorders; Olfactory-disorders; Throat-disorders; Control-methods; Control-technology; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-areas; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Eye-irritants
CODEN
AOEHE9
Publication Date
19990701
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
1047-322X
NIOSH Division
EID
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
OH
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