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Low back pain among residential carpenters: ergonomic evaluation using OWAS and 2D compression estimation.

Authors
Gilkey-DP; Keefe-TJ; Bigelow-PL; Herron-RE; Duvall-K; Hautaluoma-JE; Rosecrance-JS; Sesek-R
Source
Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2007 Jan; 13(3):305-321
NIOSHTIC No.
20032778
Abstract
Occupational low back pain (LBP) remains a leading safety and health challenge. This cross-sectional investigation measured the prevalence of LBP in residential carpenters and investigated ergonomic risk factors. Ninety-four carpenters were investigated for LBP presence and associated risk factors. Ten representative job-tasks were evaluated using the Ovako Working Posture Analysis System (OWAS) and ErgoMaster 2D software to measure elements of posture, stress, and risk. Job-tasks were found to differ significantly for total lumbar compression and shear at peak loading (p < .001), ranging from 2 956 to 8 606 N and 802 to 1 974 N respectively. OWAS indicated that slight risk for injury was found in 10 job-tasks while distinct risk was found in 7 of the 10 job-tasks. Seven of the 10 job-tasks exceeded the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) action limit of 3 400 N for low back loading. The point prevalence for LBP was 14% while the annual prevalence was 38%.
Keywords
Injuries; Injury-prevention; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Biomechanics; Ergonomics; Workplace-studies; Musculoskeletal-system; Back-injuries; Human-factors-engineering; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Back-injuries; Stress; Work-operations; Work-practices; Work-analysis
Contact
Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, 104 Environmental Health Bldg., Fort Collins, CO 80525
CODEN
IJOEF2
Publication Date
20070101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dgilkey@colostate.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-004199; Grant-Number-T01-OH-810435; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008414
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1080-3548
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
State
CO
Performing Organization
Colorado State University, Environmental Health Department, Fort Collins, Colorado
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