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Alcohol use among immigrant Latino farmworkers in North Carolina.

Authors
Grzywacz-JG; Quandt-SA; Isom-S; Arcury-TA
Source
Am J Ind Med 2007 Aug; 50(8):617-625
NIOSHTIC No.
20032721
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Heavy alcohol use among Latino farmworkers is believed to be common, but it remains poorly documented. METHODS: Interviewer-administered survey questionnaires were administered to 151 Latino male farmworkers in Eastern North Carolina; topics included frequency of alcohol consumption, amount of alcohol typically consumed, frequency of consuming five or more drinks in a single setting, and signs of alcohol abuse/dependence. RESULTS: Over one-quarter (26%) completely abstain from alcohol, but 27% report frequent heavy drinking, or drinking five or more alcoholic beverages two or more times per month. Over one-third of farmworkers (39%) may be alcohol-dependent. Frequent heavy drinking is more common among single farmworkers and among those who do not follow the crops, and dependence is more common among farmworkers living in camps comprised of both H2A and non-contract workers. CONCLUSIONS: There is substantial variation in alcohol use among Latino farmworkers. Although a substantial proportion of farmworkers abstain from alcohol, an equally substantial proportion report alcohol use that poses significant risk for injury on and off the job. More research is needed to document the potential threat to Latino farmworkers by their alcohol use. Interventions targeting alcohol are needed to minimize the risk of injury in an already dangerous occupation.
Keywords
Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Risk-analysis; Farmers; Alcoholic-beverages; Substance-abuse; Questionnaires; Drug-abuse; Sociological-factors
Contact
Joseph G. Grzywacz, Department of Family and Community Medicine,Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard,Winston- Salem, NC 27157-1084
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20070801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
grzywacz@wfubmc.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R25-OH-007611
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
NC
Performing Organization
Wake Forest University
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