The transition of mining health and safety research from the former USBM into NIOSH creates a novel approach and partnership for improving the health and reducing the risks of injury and fatality for all mine workers. The strengths of the public health model, derived from the medical sciences, are greatly enhanced with the integration of a solutions-oriented engineering expertise. This partnership improves the health of workers and reduces their risks of injury and fatality by: 1. Establishing research priorities based on accurate surveillance data; 2. Developing interventions from products of research and emerging technologies; 3. Assessing the effectiveness of interventions; and, 4. Delivering products of research and knowledge to people who can prevent disease, injuries, and death in the workplace.