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Association between body mass index and acute traumatic workplace injury in hourly manufacturing employees.

Authors
Pollack-KM; Sorock-GS; Slade-MD; Cantley-L; Sircar-K; Taiwo-O; Cullen-MR
Source
Am J Epidemiol 2007 Jul; 166(2):204-211
NIOSHTIC No.
20032464
Abstract
In this study, the authors examined the distribution and odds of occupational injury among hourly employees of a US aluminum manufacturing company by body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)). In 2002, height and weight data on 7,690 workers at eight plants were extracted from medical records from annual physicals, and body mass index was categorized. Information on traumatic injuries recorded between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2004, was obtained from a company injury surveillance system. Twenty-nine percent of the employees (n = 2,221) sustained at least one injury. Approximately 85 percent of injured workers were classified as overweight or obese. The odds of injury in the highest obesity group as compared with the ideal body mass index group were 2.21 (95% confidence interval: 1.34, 3.53), after adjustment for sex, age, education, smoking, physical demands of the job, plant process and location, time since hire, time in the job, and significant interaction terms. Injuries to the leg or knee were especially prevalent among members of this very obese group. Research findings support an association between body mass index and traumatic workplace injuries among manufacturing employees. Workplace safety personnel might consider adding policies or programs that address weight reduction and maintenance as part of ongoing comprehensive workplace safety strategies.
Keywords
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Worker-health; Injuries; Age-factors; Risk-factors; Sex-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Work-environment; Weight-factors; Work-analysis; Work-performance; Health-hazards; Health-surveys; Occupational-accidents; Injuries; Smoking; Statistical-analysis; Traumatic-injuries; Safety-research; Safety-measures; Workplace-studies; Surveillance-programs
Contact
Dr. Keshia M. Pollack, Department of Health Policy and Management, Center for Injury Research and Policy, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Room 557, Baltimore, MD 21202
CODEN
AJEPAS
Publication Date
200707115
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kpollack@jhsph.edu
Funding Amount
734840
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-004040; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008428
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0002-9262
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology
State
CT; MD
Performing Organization
Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
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