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Dangers of toxic fumes from blasting.

Authors
Mainiero-RJ; Harris-ML; Rowland-JH
Source
Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference on Explosives and Blasting Technique, Nashville, Tennessee, January 28-31, 2007. Cleveland, OH: International Society of Explosives Engineers, 2007 Jan; 1:1-6
NIOSHTIC No.
20032444
Abstract
This paper reviews the potential hazards posed by the toxic fumes produced by detonating explosives in surface mining and construction operations. Blasting operations produce both toxic and nontoxic gaseous products; the toxic being mainly carbon monoxide (CO) and the oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)). The quantity of toxic gases produced by an explosive is affected by formulation, confinement, age of the explosive, and contamination of the explosive with water or drill cuttings, among others. Techniques to protect workers and the public from the potential hazards of explosive-related toxic fumes are discussed. These include: 1. Minimizing the quantity of toxic fumes produced. 2. Determining where the fumes may go so workers and neighbors can be moved out of harm's way. 3. Preventing the fumes from moving towards workers and neighbors. 4. Monitoring the air near workers and neighbors so they can be relocated if fumes appear. 5. Ventilating structures or confined spaces until CO falls below a hazardous concentration.
Keywords
Explosives; Mining-industry; Fumes; Surface-mining; Toxic-gases; Coal-mining; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Hazards; Health-hazards; Blasting-agents; Underground-mining; Underground-miners; Confined-spaces
Contact
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
CAS No.
10102-44-0; 10102-43-9; 630-08-0
Publication Date
20070128
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
PRL
Source Name
Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference on Explosives and Blasting Technique, Nashville, Tennessee, January 28-31, 2007
State
PA; TN
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