Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

NIOSH alert: preventing worker injuries and deaths from explosions in industrial ethylene oxide sterilization facilities (revised edition).

Authors
Palassis-J; Matthiessen-C; Santiago-A; Hadley-J; LaMontagne-AD; Harris-A
Source
NIOSH 2007 Aug; :1-33
NIOSHTIC No.
20032388
Abstract
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Ethylene Oxide Sterilization Association (EOSA) request assistance in preventing explosions at industrial ethylene oxide (EtO) sterilization facilities and EtO repackaging plants. EtO is a flammable gas. During sterilization procedures, EtO can easily form explosive mixtures when it is vented to certain types of emission control devices such as catalytic oxidizers. Between 1994 and 1998, EtO was involved in 10 explosions at industrial EtO sterilization facilities and EtO repackaging plants. One of these explosions caused 1 death and 59 injuries among workers. All of these incidents caused damage to the plants, most of which used catalytic oxidizers to control EtO emissions. This Alert informs owners, managers, supervisors, engineers, safety professionals, and workers about the explosions, injuries, and deaths that may occur at industrial EtO sterilization facilities and repackaging plants. Steps are recommended for preventing these explosions.
Keywords
Flammable-gases; Workers; Explosive-gases; Explosion-prevention; Accident-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Personal-protective-equipment; Control-technology; Catalysis; Oxidizers; Vapors
Contact
Dr. Paul A. Schulte, Director, Education and Information Division National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
CAS No.
75-21-8
Publication Date
20070801
Document Type
Numbered Publication; Alert
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
PB2007-112909
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 2007-164
NIOSH Division
EID
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
TOP