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Costs of occupational injuries in agriculture.

Authors
Leigh-PJ; McCurdy-AS; Schenker-BM
Source
Public Health Rep 2001 May-Jun; 116(3):235-248
NIOSHTIC No.
20032369
Abstract
Objective: This study was conducted to estimate the costs of job-related injuries in agriculture in the United States for 1992. Methods: The authors reviewed data from national surveys to assess the incidence of fatal and non-fatal farm injuries. Numerical adjustments were made for weaknesses in the most reliable data sets. For example, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Annual Survey estimate of non-fatal injuries is adjusted upward by a factor of 4.7 to reflect the BLS undercount of farm injuries. To assess costs, the authors used the human capital method that allocates costs to direct categories such as medical expenses, as well as indirect categories such as lost earnings, lost home production, and lost fringe benefits. Cost data were drawn from the Health Care Financing Administration and the National Council on Compensation Insurance. Results: Eight hundred forty-one (841) deaths and 512,539 non-fatal injuries are estimated for 1992. The non-fatal injuries include 281,896 that led to at least one full day of work loss. Agricultural occupational injuries cost an estimated $4.57 billion (range $3.14 billion to $13.99 billion) in 1992. On a per person basis, farming contributes roughly 30% more than the national average to occupational injury costs. Direct costs are estimated to be $1.66 billion and indirect costs, $2.93 billion. Conclusions: The costs of farm injuries are on a par with the costs of hepatitis C. This high cost is in sharp contrast to the limited public attention and economic resources devoted to prevention and amelioration of farm injuries. Agricultural occupational injuries are an underappreciated contributor to the overall national burden of health and medical costs.
Keywords
Occupational-accidents; Occupational-hazards; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Injuries; Farmers; Work-analysis; Worker-health; Workplace-monitoring; Hepatitis; Medical-care; Medical-monitoring; Medical-treatment; Traumatic-injuries
Contact
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine TB168, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA 95616-8638, USA
CODEN
PHRPA6
Publication Date
20010501
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
1055222
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U07-CCU-906162
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0033-3549
Source Name
Public Health Reports
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California - Davis
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