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Fatal injuries in the United States involving respirators, 1984-1995.

Authors
Suruda-A; Milliken-W; Stephenson-D; Sesek-R
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2003 Apr; 18(4):289-292
NIOSHTIC No.
20032362
Abstract
There is little published information concerning the epidemiology of fatal injuries involving respiratory protection. We compiled a case series from U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration investigation reports from 1984 through 1995. For the 12-year period there were 41 incidents resulting in 45 deaths due to asphyxiation or chemical poisoning while wearing a respirator. There were 23 deaths related to airline respirators, 17 deaths involving use of negative pressure (air purifying) respirators, and 5 deaths involving self-contained breathing apparatus. Among the 23 deaths involving airline respirators, 15 were associated with compatible connection couplings for breathable air and inert gases. Three workers with beards died who wore tightfitting respirators in an atmosphere that was immediately dangerous to life and health. Most of the fatalities involved regulatory and procedural violations, and would have been prevented by proper training and compliance with existing regulations. The information concerning the victims was limited but it did not appear that medical screening would have prevented any of the deaths.
Keywords
Mortality-data; Respirators; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Inert-gases; Aircraft; Epidemiology; Respiratory-equipment; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Air-purifying-respirators; Self-contained-breathing-apparatus; Oxygen-deficient-atmospheres; Poisons; Standards; Regulations; Organic-solvents; Fungicides
Contact
Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112
CODEN
AOEHE9
CAS No.
7727-37-9; 630-08-0; 7440-37-1; 7664-41-7; 75-44-5; 7783-06-4
Publication Date
20030401
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-CCT-810426; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008414
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1047-322X
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
UT
Performing Organization
Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Family & Preventive Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
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