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Costs differences across demographic groups and types of occupational injuries and illnesses.

Authors
Leigh-JP; Waehrer-G; Miller-RT; McCurdy-AS
Source
Am J Ind Med 2006 Oct; 49(10):845-853
NIOSHTIC No.
20032350
Abstract
Background: Little is known about cost differences for demographic groups or across occupational injuries and illnesses. Methods: In this incidence study of nationwide data for 1993, an analysis was conducted on fatal and non-fatal injury and illness data recorded in government data sets. Costs data were from workers' compensation records, estimates of lost wages, and jury awards. Results:The youngest (age 17) and oldest (age 65) workers had exceptionally high fatality costs. Whereas men's costs for non-fatal incidents were nearly double those for women, men's costs for fatal injuries were 10 times the costs for women. The highest ranking occupation for combined fatal and non-fatal costs - farming, forestry, and fishing - had costs-per-worker ($5,163) over 18 times the lowest ranking occupation - executives and managers ($279). The occupation of handlers, cleaners, and laborers, ranked highest for non-fatal costs. Gunshot wounds generated especially high fatal costs. Compared to whites, African-Americans had a lower percentage of costs due to carpal tunnel syndrome, circulatory, and digestive diseases. Conclusions: Costs comparisons can be drawn across age, race, gender, and occupational groups as well as categories of injuries and illnesses.
Keywords
Occupational-accidents; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Injuries; Demographic-characteristics; Traumatic-injuries; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Agricultural-industry; Forestry; Fishing-industry; Transportation-industry; Construction-industry; Machine-operators; Automobile-repair-shops
Contact
J. Paul Leigh, Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, 2103 Stockton Blvd., Suite 2224, UC Davis, Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20061001
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
635778
Funding Type
Grant; Cooperative Agreement; Agriculture
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003750; Grant-Number-R01-OH-008248; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-007550
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0271-3586
SIC Code
NAICS-1141
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
CA; MD
Performing Organization
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland
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