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High-efficiency gene transfection of macrophages by lipoplexes.

Authors
Dokka-S; Toledo-D; Shi-XL; Ye-JP; Rojanasakul-Y
Source
Int J Pharm 2000 Sep; 206(1-2):97-104
NIOSHTIC No.
20032339
Abstract
Macrophage transfection studies are crucial for understanding gene regulation and expression. However, gene transfection in macrophages is difficult. We have shown here that macrophages are more resistant to gene transfection compared with other cell types. To further develop an efficient gene delivery system for macrophages, we evaluated various liposomal and non-liposomal agents including LipofectAMINE(R), Lipofectin(R), DOTAP, DEAE-dextran, and the DNA condensing agent protamine sulfate for their ability to promote gene transfection. CMV-luciferase was used as a reporter plasmid. Macrophage transfection was maximal at the DNA:LipofectAMINE:protamine ratio of 1:12:1 mu g/ml The LipofectAMINE formulation showed a 10-12-fold increase in transfection efficiency over DOTAP and a 4-5-fold increase over Lipofectin. This transfection method showed minimal toxicity at the concentrations tested and was at least 20-25-fold superior to the most frequently used DEAE-dextran method for macrophage transfection. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords
Analytical-processes; Analytical-methods; Genes; Genotoxic-effects; Genetic-factors; Cell-biology; Cell-metabolism; Cell-transformation
CODEN
IJPHDE
Publication Date
20000925
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
yrojanasakul@hsc.wvu.edu
Fiscal Year
2000
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1-2
ISSN
0378-5173
NIOSH Division
HELD
Source Name
International Journal of Pharmaceutics
State
WV; WI; OR
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