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Chronic bronchitis among nonsmoking farm women in the agricultural health study.

Authors
Valcin-M; Henneberger-PK; Kullman-GJ; Umbach-DM; London-SJ; Alavanja-MCR; Sandler-DP; Hoppin-JA
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2007 May; 49(5):574-583
NIOSHTIC No.
20032307
Abstract
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine agricultural risk factors for chronic bronchitis among nonsmoking farm women. Methods: We used self-reported enrollment data from the 21,541 nonsmoking women in the Agricultural Health Study to evaluate occupational risk factors for prevalent chronic bronchitis among farm women. Odds ratios (ORs) for chronic bronchitis for occupational exposures were adjusted for age, state, and related agricultural exposures. Results: Applying manure and driving combines were independently associated with chronic bronchitis. Off-farm job exposures associated with chronic bronchitis were organic dusts, asbestos, gasoline, and solvents. Five pesticides were associated with chronic bronchitis after multivariate adjustment and sensitivity analyses: dichlorvos (OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.01, 2.61), DDT (OR=1.67, 95% CI=1.13, 2.47), cyanazine (OR=1.88, 95% CI=1.00, 3.54), paraquat (OR=1.91, 95% CI=1.02, 3.55), and methyl bromide (OR=1.82, 95% CI=1.02, 3.24). Conclusion: Pesticides as well as grain and dust exposures were associated with chronic bronchitis among nonsmoking farm women.
Keywords
Worker-health; Occupational-health; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Farmers; Breathing-atmospheres; Breathing; Women
Contact
Jane Hoppin, NIEHS, Epidemiology Branch, MD A3-05, PO Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2233
CODEN
JOEMFM
CAS No.
62-73-7; 21725-46-2; 1910-42-5; 74-83-9
Publication Date
20070501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
hoppin1@niehs.nih.gov
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
NC; WV; MD
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