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Changes in impression complexity over time and across situations.

Authors
Welbourne-JL
Source
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2001 Sep; 27(9):1071-1085
NIOSHTIC No.
20032278
Abstract
This set of studies tested the idea that higher levels of acquaintance with an individual would be associated with greater impression complexity. Two aspects of acquaintance were examined: length of relationship and contextual diversity of interactions. In Study 1, participants provided written descriptions of acquaintances known for different lengths of time and at different levels of contextual diversity. Contextual diversity in interactions with an acquaintance was associated with (a) less evaluative and descriptive consistency in impressions, (b) greater contextual differentiation in impressions, and (c) the development of causal theories to explain the acquaintance's behaviors. In Study 2, impression complexity was assessed using a trait-sort task. Contextual diversity, but not length of relationship, was associated with higher complexity scores.
Keywords
Personality-traits; Psychological-adaptation; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses; Behavior-patterns; Behavioral-tests; Humans; Mental-health
Contact
Jennifer L.Welbourne, Health Communication Research Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS 4050, Morgantown, WV 26505
Publication Date
20010901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jwelbourne@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
0146-1672
NIOSH Division
HELD
Source Name
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
State
WV
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