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Development of external dosimetry parameters for site profiles.

Authors
Fix.-JJ; Kenoyer-JL; Merwin-SE; Tankersley-WG; Taulbee-TD
Source
Health Phys 2003 Jun; 84(Suppl):S223
NIOSHTIC No.
20032223
Abstract
An important activity within the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICP A) concerns the evaluation of external dosimetry parameters significant to the measurement and recording of dose from beta, photon, and neutron radiation. A brief examination of actual claim information quickly underscores the variability and complexity of potential circumstances in DOE predecessor facilities important to the evaluation, or reconstruction as necessary, of the dose to an individual worker. Although there are many similarities among DOE sites, there are also notable differences and some limitations, particularly historically, in external dose parameters that must be considered. Crucial guidance in selected technical parameters was achieved during the 1949 trilateral (i.e., Canada, UK, and U.S.) meeting in Chalk River, Canada. This meeting identified basic dose assessment parameters concerning relative biological effectiveness factors and dose quantities that did provide general comparability in the dose of record. However, interpretation of the respective site-specific dose of record information requires an understanding of the various parameters to measure dose from beta, photon, and neutron radiation, typically in mixed fields, in different facilities, using different technology, and during selected periods of time. Site Profiles are being developed that examine the relative significance of various parameters involved in dose measurement. These profiles provide an effective means for the dose reconstruction staff to evaluate the dose of record for monitored workers.
Keywords
Dose-response; Dosimetry; Nuclear-energy; Employee-exposure; Exposure-assessment; Cancer; Radiation-exposure; Radiation-facilities; Radiation-measurement; Beta-radiation; Neutron-radiation; Biological-factors; Biological-monitoring; Information-processing
Contact
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, Richland, W A 99352
CODEN
HLTPAO
Publication Date
20030601
Document Type
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-200-2002-00593
ISSN
0017-9078
NIOSH Division
OCAS
Source Name
Health Physics
State
WA; OH; TN
Performing Organization
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, W ashington
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