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Internal dose reconstruction under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program.

Authors
Brackett-EM; Allen-DK; Kenning-RW; King-VA; Olsen-BM
Source
Health Phys 2003 Jun; 84(Suppl):S212
NIOSHTIC No.
20032215
Abstract
To provide for a fair and compassionate approach to the processing of claims, it is essential that dose reconstructions be performed as expeditiously as possible. This approach differs from traditional occupational internal dosimetry in that worst case assumptions may be applied to determine that the energy employee was not likely to have incurred a compensable level of radiation dose or, conversely, a reconstruction can be truncated at the point where it becomes evident that the claimant likely qualifies for compensation. In addition, the yearly dose, from the start of exposure until the date of cancer diagnosis, to the organ relevant to the specified cancer is required for determining the probability of compensation. The probability is based on radiation type, and in some cases, is further broken down by energy range, rather than radionuclide. These departures from traditional occupational internal dose assessment have created a need for the development of new approaches as well as new software to accomplish the goal. Claims where it is apparent that a large dose was delivered to the relevant organ can be expedited by performing a partial dose assessment. It was initially thought that claims appearing to be clearly noncompensable would be relatively quick and simple, but they have turned out to be the most challenging. Examples of several dose reconstructions are provided.
Keywords
Dose-response; Dosimetry; Occupational-exposure; Cancer; Exposure-assessment; Employee-exposure; Nuclear-energy; Nuclear-radiation; Radiation-exposure; Radiation-injury; Radiation-measurement; Radiation-properties; Organs; Computer-models; Computer-software
Contact
MJW Corporation Inc., 338 Harris Hill Road, Williamsville, NY 14221
CODEN
HLTPAO
Publication Date
20030601
Document Type
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-200-2002-00593
ISSN
0017-9078
NIOSH Division
OCAS
Source Name
Health Physics
State
NY; OH
Performing Organization
MJW Corporation Inc., Williamsville, New York
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