Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

The clinical laboratory in the diagnosis of overexposure to agrochemicals.

Authors
Keifer-M
Source
Lab Med 1998 Nov; 29(11):689-695
NIOSHTIC No.
20032195
Abstract
Pesticides are the most toxic agrochemicals, and the World Health Organization estimates that 3 million acute pesticide poisonings occur yearly worldwide, with about 220,000 deaths. Others estimate the annual global toll of poisonings at 25 million. The cholinesterase inhibitors (organophosphates and N-methyl carbamates) are the chemical pesticides most commonly implicated in poisonings, but other pesticides, including herbicides, fungicides, and fumigants, may cause illness. Despite these numbers, even rural clinicians rarely see agrochemical poisonings. While many assays are available only at specialty laboratories, the informed laboratory specialist can help enormously in solving puzzling cases, obtaining important legal evidence, and ruling out exposure when not present.
Keywords
Agricultural-chemicals; Agriculture; Toxic-effects; Pesticides; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Poisons; Cholinesterase-inhibitors; Chemical-properties; Chemical-synthesis; Herbicides; Fungicides; Fumigants; Exposure-limits; Exposure-levels
CODEN
LBMEBX
Publication Date
19981101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mkeifer@u.washington.edu
Funding Amount
868583
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U07-CCU-012926
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0007-5027
Priority Area
Neurotoxic Disorders; Neurotoxic-effects
Source Name
Laboratory Medicine
State
WA
Performing Organization
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
TOP