Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Lung cancer mortality among employed US women by industry sector.

Authors
Robinson-CF; Sullivan-PA; Walker-JT
Source
Am J Epidemiol 2007 Jun; 165(11)(Suppl):S134
NIOSHTIC No.
20032122
Abstract
Trends in lung cancer mortality were evaluated for women employed in all sectors of U.S industry. Analyses of 3,974,622 deaths from 28 U.S. states for 1984-1998 revealed elevated proportionate mortality ratios(PMRs) for lung cancer among 194,382 U.S. white, 18,225 black, and 1,515 Hispanic women by usual industry sector. The highest significantly elevated proportionate mortality was experienced by women in a striking number of manufacturing sub-sectors--sawmills and plaining mills (PMR 142), household appliance manufacturing (PMR 135), motor vehicle and motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (PMR 130), and in the wholesale machinery and equipment sector (PMR 145). When trends were evaluated, mortality increased over the fifteen year interval for only the trucking service sector and the household appliance manufacturing sector. For black women, mortality was highest among workers usually employed in the transportation sector (trucking PMR 244, bus services and urban transit PMR 182, and the U.S. Postal Service PMR 139); utilities (electric light and power PMR 199); and in the communications sub-sector, telephone, wire and radio (PMR 149). Among black women, the public administration sector experienced a 47% excess mortality. While based on a small number of deaths, the highest excess lung cancer mortality among Hispanic women occurred in the banking industry (PMR 333) and the manufacturing sector (industrial chemicals (PMR 590); rubber and plastics (PMR 278); and printing and publishing (PMR 330). Smoking prevalence by sector was reviewed in the context of these results. Further follow-up is recommended to investigate mortality in industrial settings where lung cancer mortality appears to be increasing or has remained consistently elevated.
Keywords
Health-hazards; Environmental-hazards; Environmental-factors; Environmental-exposure; Women; Genetic-factors; Sawmill-workers; Factory-workers; Motor-vehicles; Truck-drivers; Electrical-industry; Electrical-workers; Transportation-workers; Transportation-industry; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Surveillance
CODEN
AJEPAS
Publication Date
20070601
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0002-9262
NIOSH Division
DRDS; DSHEFS
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology. Abstracts of the 40th Annual Meeting Society for Epidemiologic Research Boston, Massachusetts, June 19-22, 2007
State
OH
TOP