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Pesticide-related illnesses associated with the use of a plant growth regulator - Italy, 2001.

Authors
Davanzo-F; Faraoni-L; Miceli-G; Conticello-M; Bongiovanni-L; Ballard-T; Settimi-L; Rubbiani-M; Marcello-I; Bascherini-S; Mehler-L
Source
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 2001 Dec; 286(22):2804-2805
NIOSHTIC No.
20032110
Abstract
During January--February 2001, eight cases of acute illness in the county of Ragusa, Italy, were reported to the Italian National Institute for Health (INIH) by the Milan Poison Control Center (MPCC) and were attributed to exposure to Dormex, a plant growth regulator with hydrogen cyanamide as the active ingredient. These cases were identified during a pilot project for acute pesticide-related illness surveillance. Subsequent active case finding at health-care clinics by the Ragusa Occupational Health Unit identified six additional cases. MPCC identified nine cases in other areas of Italy. Of the 23 cases of acute illness, 22 resulted from occupational exposure during mixing and/or applying of Dormex, and one was from unintentional ingestion. This report summarizes the investigation of these cases, which implicates a pesticide as the causative agent and demonstrates the usefulness of surveillance for detecting pesticide-related illnesses.
Keywords
Poison-control; Poisons; Plant-substances; Plants; Pesticides; Worker-health; Surveillance-programs; Occupational-exposure; Dermatology; Eye-irritants; Burns; Liver-disorders
CODEN
JAMAAP
CAS No.
420-04-2
Publication Date
20011205
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
22
ISSN
0098-7484
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Journal of the American Medical Association
State
CA; GA
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