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The Hand-Arm Vibration International Consortium (HAVIC): prospective studies on the relationship between power tool exposure and health effects.

Authors
Cherniack-M; Brammer-AJ; Lundstrom-R; Meyer-JD; Morse-TF; Neely-G; Nilsson-T; Peterson-D; Toppila-E; Warren-N
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2007 Mar; 49(3):289-301
NIOSHTIC No.
20032007
Abstract
Objectives: The Hand-Arm Vibration International Consortium (HAVIC) is a collaboration of investigators from Europe and North America studying health effects from hand-arm vibration (HAV). Features include prospective design, cross-cohort exposure, and health assessment methods. Methods: Two new cohorts (dental hygienists and dental hygiene students), two existing cohorts (Finnish forest workers, and Swedish truck cab assemblers), and a previous population (US shipyard workers) are included. Instruments include surveys, quantitative medical tests, physical examination, and work simulation and data logging to assess exposure. New methods were developed for nerve conduction and data logging. Results: Findings on the relationship between nerve conduction and skin temperature in HAV-exposed subjects resulted in a new approach to subject warming. Conclusions: Integrating established cohorts has advantages over de novo cohort construction. Complex laboratory tests can be successfully adapted for field use.
Keywords
Vibration; Vibration-effects; Vibration-exposure; Vibration-monitors; Neurological-diseases; Neurological-reactions; Neurological-system; Hand-injuries; Nerve-damage; Nerve-fibers; Nerve-function; Forestry-workers; Factory-workers; Assembly-line-workers; Construction-workers; Dentists; Medical-research; Medical-screening; Medical-examinations; Physical-stress; Shipyard-workers; Shipyard-industry; Temperature-effects; Temperature-measurement; Laboratory-testing; Laboratory-work
Contact
Ergonomics Technology Center, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue-MC6210, Farmington, CT 06030-6210
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20070301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
cherniack@nso.uchc.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U01-OH-007312
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
CT
Performing Organization
University of Connecticut Schools of Medicine
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