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Effects of carbon dioxide inhalation on psychomotor and mental performance during exercise and recovery.

Authors
Vercruyssen-M; Kamon-E; Hancock-PA
Source
Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2007 Mar; 13(1):15-27
NIOSHTIC No.
20031885
Abstract
On separate days, 6 highly trained participants performed psychomotor tests while breathing for 60 min 3 carbon dioxide (CO(2)) mixtures (room air, 3% CO(2), or 4% CO(2)) prior to, between, and following two 15-min treadmill exercise bouts (70% VO(2)(max)). Each individual was extensively practiced (at least 4 days) before testing began, and both gas conditions and order of tasks were counterbalanced. Results showed physiological reactions and work-related psychomotor effects, but no effects of gas concentration on addition, multiplication, grammatical reasoning, or dynamic postural balance. These findings help define behavioral toxicity levels and support a re-evaluation of existing standards for the maximum allowable concentrations (also emergency and continuous exposure guidance levels) of CO(2). This research explored the selection of psychometric instruments of sufficient sensitivity and reliability to detect subtle changes in performance caused by exposure to low levels of environmental stress, in this case differential levels of CO(2) in the inspired air.
Keywords
Air-contamination; Air-monitoring; Air-quality-control; Air-quality-measurement; Air-quality-monitoring; Air-sampling-techniques; Psychological-factors; Psychomotor-function; Measurement-equipment; Environmental-exposure; Exposure-limits; Exposure-methods; Inhalation-studies; Mental-processes
CODEN
IJOEF2
CAS No.
124-38-9
Publication Date
20070317
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
18476
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-002179
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1080-3548
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
State
HI; CA
Performing Organization
University of Southern California
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