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Observation and measurement of anomalous responses in a differential mobility analyzer caused by ultrafine fibrous carbon aerosols.

Authors
Ku-BK; Maynard-AD; Baron-PA; Deye-GJ
Source
J Electrostat 2007 Jul; 65(8):542-548
NIOSHTIC No.
20031861
Abstract
We observed anomalous instrument responses above certain voltages when characterizing aggregates of airborne carbon nanotubes or nanofibers using a differential mobility analyzer (DMA). These were associated with sudden increases in measured number concentrations at high voltages, fluctuations in DMA voltage and audible high-frequency sounds from the DMA column. Onset of the anomalies depended on the material forming the aerosol and DMA sampling flow rate. The low density of the nanotubes relative to the nanofibers is thought to be the main reason the anomalous responses occur more easily and strongly with the nanotubes. Two possible mechanisms are suggested to explain the observations. The results indicate that measurement of nanometer-diameter conducting fibrous material by electrical mobility analysis may present a unique challenge.
Keywords
Statistical-analysis; Electric-properties; Electrical-conductivity; Electrical-measurement; Electrical-properties; Electrical-stimulation; Electricity; Voltage-regulation; Materials-testing; Sound; Hearing; Hearing-acuity; Aerosols; Aerosol-sampling; Nanotechnology
Contact
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS-R3, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
JOELDH
Publication Date
20070301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
BKu@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
0304-3886
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
Journal of Electrostatics
State
OH
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