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Mortality patterns among female nurses: a 27-state study, 1984 through 1990.

Authors
Peipins-LA; Burnett-C; Alterman-T; Lalich-N
Source
Am J Publ Health 1997 Sep; 87(9):1539-1543
NIOSHTIC No.
20031770
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the mortality experience of 50,000 nurses using the National Occupational Mortality Surveillance database of death certificates. METHODS: Proportionate mortality ratios adjusted by race (White, Black, or other) and 5-year age groups were calculated for selected causes of death among female nurses vs all workers and white-collar workers. RESULTS: Excess deaths among nurses less than 65 years of age were seen in both comparison groups for viral hepatitis, cancer of the nasal cavities, accidental falls, suicide, and drug-related deaths. Among nurses 65 years old or older, deaths due to chronic myeloid leukemia were in excess. Proportionate mortality ratios for breast and colon cancers, diabetes, and heart disease varied by occupational comparison group. CONCLUSIONS: These findings confirm results of previous studies and identify new associations. Redoubled efforts are called for in overcoming obstacles to reducing workplace hazards.
Keywords
Nurses; Nursing; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Demographic-characteristics; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Infectious-diseases; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disease; Surveillance-programs
Contact
Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluation, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
CODEN
AJHEAA
Publication Date
19970901
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
0090-0036
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
American Journal of Public Health
State
CA; DC; OH
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