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A cross-sectional study of risk factors for musculoskeletal symptoms in the workplace using data from the General Social Survey (GSS).

Authors
Waters-TR; Dick-RB; Davis-Barkley-J; Krieg-EF
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2007 Feb; 49(2):172-184
NIOSHTIC No.
20031715
Abstract
Objective: Assessments of potential risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) from large, national study populations using personal interviews are critical to our understanding of exposure-response relationships. To address this need, we analyzed two outcome measures-self-reported back pain and upper extremity pain from the quality of work life (QWL) module of the General Social Survey (GSS). We investigated several individual, psychosocial, and physical factors for their relationship to these outcome measures. Methods: The study population included US adults, noninstitutionalized, Englishspeaking, aged 18 years or older, and employed at least part time (>= 20 hr/wk). Final sample size was 1484 workers. Results: Variables of physical exposure significantly increased the risk of both low back pain and upper extremity pain. Multiple injuries and some psychosocial factors were associated with MSDs, and there was an additive effect on risk of MSDs with exposure to both physical exposure and work stress. Conclusions: A relationship between physical loads and musculoskeletal disorders was indicated by the results, which will enable creating a database for tracking reports of MSDs in the US working population.
Keywords
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Musculoskeletal-system; Psychomotor-disorders; Psychomotor-function; Physical-properties; Physical-reactions; Physical-stress; Exposure-levels; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Work-operations; Worker-health; Stress
Contact
Thomas R. Waters, PhD, Division of Applied Research and Technology, NIOSH, CDC, MS-C24, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20070201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
twaters@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
DART
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
OH
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