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Development of a National Occupational Exposure Survey and database associated with NIOSH hazard surveillance initiatives.

Authors
Boiano-JM; Hull-RD
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2001 Feb; 16(2):128-134
NIOSHTIC No.
20031703
Abstract
NIOSH pioneered hazard surveillance in the workplace by designing and conducting the 1972 to 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey (NOHS), the 1981 to 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES), and the 1984 to 1989 National Occupational Health Survey of Mining (NOHSM). The databases developed from these three on-site surveys represent unique resources for associating potential chemical, physical and biological agents with industries and occupational groups. The data have been a primary source of information for NIOSH, regulatory agencies, health professionals, researchers, and labor organizations in establishing priorities for prevention strategies that include medical and engineering interventions, development of occupational standards, and the identification of research needs. Recognizing that the data from these surveys are becoming dated, a multidisciplinary team comprising members from various NIOSH research divisions was established to develop a hazard surveillance strategy for the Institute, including options for a national hazard surveillance survey and database. The proposed new hazard survey builds on lessons learned from the previous surveys, seeks opportunities to incorporate existing data from other sources, expands the scope of industries and hazards, and takes advantage of advances in data gathering, processing and dissemination technology. This article presents current considerations and recommendations for a new hazard survey and database
Keywords
Surveillance-programs; Information-systems; Information-processing; Information-retrieval-systems; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-exposure
CODEN
AOEHE9
Publication Date
20010201
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1047-322X
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
OH
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