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Changing the child labor laws for agriculture: impact on injury.

Authors
Marlenga-B; Berg-RL; Linneman-JG; Brison-RJ; Pickett-W
Source
Am J Publ Health 2007 Feb; 97(2):276-282
NIOSHTIC No.
20031529
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The child labor laws are intended to protect young workers from the most dangerous jobs. However, children who work on their parents' farms are exempt from these laws. We evaluated the potential for preventing the occurrence of farm injuries among children by changing the US Federal Child Labor Laws, Hazardous Occupations Orders for Agriculture. METHODS: A retrospective case series of 1193 farm injuries among children from the United States and Canada was assembled. The Hazardous Occupations Orders were systematically applied to each case. Injury preventability was estimated. RESULTS: A total of 286 (24%) cases of injury involved immediate family members engaged in farm work. Among these children, 33% of those aged younger than 16 years and 36% of those aged 16 or 17 years were performing work prohibited under the Hazardous Occupations Orders. CONCLUSIONS: Removing the family farm exemption from the Hazardous Occupations Orders and raising the age restriction for performing hazardous agricultural work from 16 to 18 years would be efficacious in preventing the most serious injuries experienced by young family farm workers. Potential reductions in injury would meet Healthy People 2010 goals for reducing traumatic injury in the agricultural sector.
Keywords
Workers; Worker-health; Public-health; Health-hazards; Smoking; Smoke-control; Group-behavior; Surveillance-programs
Contact
Barbara Marlenga, PhD, National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety, Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, 1000 North Oak Ave, Marshfield, WI 54449
CODEN
AJHEAA
Publication Date
20070201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
marlenga.barbara@mcrf.mfldclin.edu)
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement; Grant
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008046; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-008107; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U54-OH-009568
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0090-0036
Source Name
American Journal of Public Health
State
WI
Performing Organization
Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation
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