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Predictors of plasma lead among lithographic print shop workers in Mexico City.

Authors
Juarez-Perez-CA; Aguilar-Madrid-G; Smith-DR; Lacasana-Navarro-M; Tellez-Rojo-MM; Piacitteli-G; Hu-H; Hernandez-Avila-M
Source
Am J Ind Med 2004 Sep; 46(3):245-252
NIOSHTIC No.
20031518
Abstract
Background Plasma lead is considered a biological marker that reflects the fraction of lead in blood that is toxicologically available. We examined the relationship between plasma lead and other biomarkers of lead exposure in 69 lithographic print shop workers. Methods Lead was measured in plasma and whole blood (by inductively coupled plasma-magnetic sector mass spectrometry), in bone (by Cd-109 X-ray fluorescence), and in hand wipes and occupational air samples. Personal hygiene habits at work were surveyed. Results Mean age was 47 years and 86% (n=59) were men. Mean lead levels were 0.3 mug/L in plasma, 11.9 mug/dL in blood, 46.7 mug/g in patella, and 27.6 mug/g in tibia. Taken together, two multivariate linear models explained 57% of variability in plasma lead levels. Predictors for the first model were lead in patella (beta = 0.006), blood (beta = 0.008), and hygiene index (beta = -0.11). Predictors for the second model were lead in tibia (beta = 0.008), blood (beta = 0.008), and hygiene index (beta = -0.13). Conclusions This study demonstrates that accumulated bone stores and hygiene habits are both significant independent predictors of plasma lead levels in active workers at this print shop.
Keywords
Lead-absorption; Lead-compounds; Lead-fumes; Lead-poisoning; Biomarkers; Printing-industry; Printers; Air-quality; Air-quality-measurement; Air-samples; Air-quality-monitoring; Blood-analysis; Blood-plasma; Blood-sampling; Blood-tests
Contact
Mauricio Hernández-Avila, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Av. Universidad 655, Col. Sta. Ma. Ahuacatitlán, 62508 Cuernavaca, Morelos, México
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20040901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mhernan@correo.insp.mx
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
OH
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