Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Occupation and lung cancer mortality in a nationally representative U.S. Cohort: The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).

Authors
Lee-DJ; Fleming-LE; LeBlanc-WG; Arheart-KL; Chung-Bridges-K; Christ-SL; Caban-AJ; Pitman-T
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2006 Aug; 48(8):823-832
NIOSHTIC No.
20031434
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the risk of lung cancer mortality in a nationally representative sample of U.S. workers by occupation. METHODS: National Death Index linkage identified 1812 lung cancer deaths among 143,863 workers who participated in the 1987, 1988, and 1990-1994 National Health Interview Surveys. RESULTS: Current and former smoking status was predictive of lung cancer mortality (hazard ratio [HR] = 15.1 and 3.8, respectively). Occupations with significantly higher risk for age- and smoking-adjusted lung cancer mortality included heating/air/refrigeration mechanics (HR = 3.0); not specified mechanics and repairers (HR = 2.8); financial records processing occupations (HR = 1.8); freight, stock, and materials handlers (HR = 1.5); and precision production occupations (HR = 1.4). CONCLUSION: Although tobacco use continues to be the single most important risk factor for lung cancer mortality, occupational exposure to lung carcinogens should be targeted as well to further reduce the burden of lung cancer.
Keywords
Occupational-diseases; Epidemiology; Case-studies; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Work-analysis; Occupational-hazards; Lung-cancer; Cigarette-smoking; Risk-factors; Work-analysis; Age-factors; Age-groups; Tobacco-smoke; Tobacco
Contact
David J. Lee, PhD, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, P.O. Box 016069 (R-699), Miami, FL 33101
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20060801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dlee@med.miami.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003915
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
FL; NC
Performing Organization
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
TOP