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Indicators for occupational health surveillance.

Authors
Thomsen-C; McClain-J; Rosenman-K; Davis-L
Source
MMWR Recomm Rep 2007 Jan; 56(RR-1):1-7
NIOSHTIC No.
20031421
Abstract
Each year, millions of the estimated 140 million U.S. workers are injured on the job or become ill from exposure to hazards at work. These work-related injuries and illnesses result in substantial human and economic costs for workers, employers, and society; estimated direct and indirect costs of work-related injuries and illnesses are approximately $170 billion annually. In 1998, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) and CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) convened a work group that identified priority occupational health conditions to be placed under surveillance, addressed cross-cutting surveillance concerns, and made recommendations regarding the role of states in a comprehensive nationwide surveillance system for work-related disease, injuries, and hazards. CSTE recommendations led to the generation of 19 occupational health indicators (OHIs) and one Employment Demographic Profile, which were developed during 2001-2003. The OHIs complement other guidelines for state-based occupational health surveillance to address overall state and national goals to improve public health. These OHIs are intended to help states build occupational health capacity by providing them with tools to collect and generate important, basic information concerning the occupational health status of the state population and to identify areas in which to focus prevention efforts. In 2005, CSTE released a report compiling OHI data from 13 states. NIOSH provides funding for the OHIs because they are now a required component of state-based cooperative agreements for occupational health surveillance. This report introduces the OHIs and describes CSTE's approach to developing this new occupational health surveillance tool.
Keywords
Surveillance-programs; Occupational-health; Worker-health; Injuries; Diseases; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Demographic-characteristics; Public-health; Employee-health; Information-systems; Data-processing; Information-retrieval-systems
Contact
Amy V. Patel, MPH, Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, 2872 Woodcock Blvd., Suite 303, Atlanta, GA 30341
Publication Date
20070119
Document Type
Journal Article; Trade
Email Address
apatel@cste.org
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-007277; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008472
Issue of Publication
RR-1
ISSN
1057-5987
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; OD
Priority Area
All Sectors
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Recommendations and Report
State
DC; GA; MA; MI; OH; OR
Performing Organization
Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, Atlanta, Georgia
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