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Posttraumatic stress symptoms and subclinical cardiovascular disease in police officers.

Authors
Violanti-JM; Andrew-ME; Burchfiel-CM; Dorn-J; Hartley-T; Miller-DB
Source
Int J Stress Manag 2006 Nov; 13(4):541-554
NIOSHTIC No.
20031412
Abstract
The present study examined associations of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms with subclinical cardiovascular disease in police officers. A stratified sample of 100 police officers was randomly selected from the Buffalo, New York, Police Department. Cardiovascular disease biomarkers were assessed by ultrasound of the brachial artery (flow-mediated dilation [FMD]). PTSD symptoms were measured with the Impact of Event Scale (IES). FMD was lowest in the severe PTSD symptom category when compared to the mild PTSD symptom category (1.91 vs. 5.15% increase, respectively; p=.21) even after adjustment for lifestyle and demographics. In conclusion, higher PTSD symptomatology in this police sample was associated with a nearly twofold reduction in brachial artery FMD, a biomarker for subclinical cardiovascular disease. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)
Keywords
Stress; Cardiovascular-disease; Law-enforcement; Law-enforcement-workers; Police-officers; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Sampling; Biomarkers; Demographic-characteristics
CODEN
ISMAE8
Publication Date
20061101
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1072-5245
NIOSH Division
HELD
Source Name
International Journal of Stress Management
State
WV; NY
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