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Effectiveness of an intervention to increase construction workers' use of hearing protection.

Authors
Lusk-SL; Hong-OS; Ronis-DL; Eakin-BL; Kerr-MJ; Early-MR
Source
Hum Factors 1999 Sep; 41(3):487-494
NIOSHTIC No.
20031295
Abstract
In this project we tested the effectiveness of a theory-based intervention (video, pamphlets, and guided practice session) to increase the use of hearing protection devices (HPDs) among Midwestern construction workers and a national group of plumber/pipefitter trainers. Posttest measures were collected 10-12 months following this intervention. Pender's Health Promotion Model (1987) provided the conceptual basis for development of the training program. A total of 837 high-noise-exposed workers were included in the analysis: 652 regional Midwestern construction workers and 185 national plumber/pipefitter trainers. Effectiveness of the intervention was determined through the sequence of analyses recommended by Braver and Braver (1988) for the Solomon Four-Group Design. Analysis of variance and covariance of postintervention use and intention to use HPDs and a meta-analytic test were done. These analyses indicated that the intervention significantly increased use of HPDs but had no effect on intention to use HPDs in the future. Pretesting had no effect on use. Actual or potential applications of this research include guidance in the development of successful theory-based interventions to increase use of HPDs.
Keywords
Hearing-loss; Hearing-protection; Hearing-tests; Hearing-threshold; Noise-shielding; Noise-shields; Noise-sources; Noise-transmission; Noise-measurement; Noise-exposure; Noise-analysis; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Noise-pollution; Training; Analytical-methods; Analytical-models; Construction-industry; Construction-workers
Contact
School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-0482, USA
CODEN
HUFAA6
Publication Date
19990901
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
683954
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003136
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0018-7208
Priority Area
Noise-induced-hearing-loss
Source Name
Human Factors
State
MI
Performing Organization
University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, Michigan
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