Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Silicosis and tuberculosis in Zambian miners.

Authors
Mulenga-EM; Miller-HB; Sinkala-T; Hysong-TA; Burgess-JL
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health 2005 Jul-Sep; 11(3):259-262
NIOSHTIC No.
20031174
Abstract
Silicosis and tuberculosis (TB) are significant mining-related illnesses in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to examine annual cases of these diseases in Zambian miners, including comparison of periods before (1960-1970) and after (1992-2002) the arrival of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The Occupational Health and Safety Research Bureau of Zambia reported 2114 cases from 1945 to 2002. Of these, 22.7% were silicosis, 65.4% TB, and the remaining 11.9% silicotuberculosis. While silicosis cases decreased from 28.6% to 12.4% with the arrival of HIV/AIDS, there was a large increase in tuberculosis cases (37.1% to 86.1%), with a corresponding decrease in silicotuberculosis cases (34.3% to 1.6%). Although silicosis remains an occupational health issue in Zambian miners, the most significant problem appears to be the marked increase in cases of TB.
Keywords
Occupational-health; Environmental-health; Silica-dusts; Silicate-miners; Silicates; Silicosis; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Mining-industry; Miners; HIV; AIDS; AIDS-virus; Infectious-diseases
Contact
Division of Environmental and Community Health, University of Arizona, 1435 North Fremont, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
CODEN
IOEHFU
Publication Date
20050701
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T01-CCT-910446
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1077-3525
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
AZ
Performing Organization
University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
TOP