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Risk factors for asthma among cosmetology professionals in Colorado.

Authors
Kreiss-K; Esfahani-RS; Antão-VCS; Odencrantz-J; Lezotte-DC; Hoffman-RE
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2006 Oct; 48(10):1062-1069
NIOSHTIC No.
20031133
Abstract
After receiving several reports of occupational asthma among cosmetology professionals, we studied the prevalence, work-attributable risk, and tasks associated with asthma in this industry. We selected a stratified random sample of cosmeticians, manicurists, barbers, and cosmetologists holding licenses in Colorado for a mail survey instrument. The prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma among the 1883 respondents (68% response rate) was 9.3%; of these, 67 (38%) developed asthma after entering the cosmetology profession. Multivariate analyses showed that hairstyling, application of artificial nails, and shaving and honing were significantly associated with asthma arising in the course of employment (P < 0.005) with relative risks of 2.6-2.9. The increased risk of asthma with onset during employment among cosmetologists is probably attributable to their exposure to sensitizers and irritants in tasks demonstrated to be associated with asthma.
Keywords
Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Bronchial-asthma; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Diseases; Cosmetics-workers; Cosmetics-industry; Cosmetics; Exposure-assessment
Contact
Kathleen Kreiss, MD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20061001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kxk2@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
WV; CO
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