Effects of trace metals on particulate matter formation in a diesel engine: Metal contents from ferrocene and lube oil.
Lee-DG; Miller-A; Park-KH; Zachariah-MR
Int J Automot Techn 2006 Oct; 7(6):667-673
Diesel particulate matter (DPM) often contains small amounts of metal as a minor component but this metal may contribute to adverse health effects. Knowledge of the mechanism for particle formation as well as the size preference of the trace metals is critical to understanding the potential for health concerns. To achieve this, the size and the composition of each particle should be optimally measured at the same time. Single particle mass spectrometer (SPMS) would be the best tool for this objective. In this paper, we therefore will introduce new findings about the mechanism and distribution of the trace metals in DPM, derived from a study where an SPMS was used to analyze freshly emitted DPM.
Trace-metals; Mass-spectrometry; Particulates; Diesel-exhausts; Diesel-emissions; Lubricating-oils; Diesel-engines; Metals
International Journal of Automotive Technology