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Neuropsychological function and psychosocial status of alcohol rehabilitation program residents.

Authors
Zlotnick-C; Agnew-J
Source
Addict Behav 1997 Mar-Apr; 22(2):183-194
NIOSHTIC No.
20031034
Abstract
This investigation examined the relationship between changes in psychosocial status and changes in neuropsychological function of clients undergoing treatment for substance use. A sample of 74 adults enrolled at a rehabilitation program for substance use were randomly assigned to two groups (one serving as a comparison group for practice effects). Participants were tested three times over 60 days on self-esteem, motivation, depression, and neuropsychological function. Consistent with other studies, participants demonstrated impaired baseline neuropsychological function that improved with alcoholic abstinence; however, changes in motivation and depression were associated with positive changes on few tests of neuropsychological function. The more common predictor of improved motor function test scores was low baseline function. Participants who remained in treatment were more likely to be Black, homeless, report less alcohol consumption, and score lower on a motivational scale than those who left treatment.
Keywords
Alcohols; Alcoholism; Alcoholic-beverages; Substance-abuse; Sampling; Sampling-methods; Health-hazards
CODEN
ADBEDS
Publication Date
19970301
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
1908835
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-007090
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0306-4603
Source Name
Addictive Behaviors
State
CA
Performing Organization
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
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