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Slips, trips and falls in US hospital workers-detailed investigation.

Authors
Courtney-TK; Lombardi-DA; Sorock-GS; Wellman-HM; Verma-S; Brennan-MJ; Collins-J; Bell-JL; Chang-WR; Gronqvist-RA; Wolf-L; DeMaster-E; Matz-M
Source
Proceedings of the 16th World Congress on Ergonomics (IEA2006), Maastricht, The Netherlands, July 10-14, 2006. Pikaar RN, Koningsveld EAP, Settels PJM, eds., Madison, WI: International Ergonomics Association, 2006 Jul; :1-4
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20030991
Abstract
In 2003 the health services sector was the largest employer in the USA, and slips, trips and falls (STF) accounted for the largest proportion of lost time injuries (20%). A follow-back study of hospital workers who STF was conducted to better describe STF circumstances and inform ergonomic interventions. One hundred twenty-three health care workers, who reported a STF to the occupational health department in seven US hospitals, were recruited and interviewed using a structured telephone questionnaire. Participants were predominantly female (86%) with a mean age (range) of 46 (19-67). One hundred and eight workers (88%) fell: 53% after slipping, 32% after tripping. Liquid contaminants (e.g., water, cleaning solutions) were involved in 36% of the events. Sixty-four percent of the STF occurred at a transitional area: dry/wet (32%), one type of floor to another (20%), or uneven surfaces (15%). Forty-one percent of workers fell forward, 23% fell to the side, and 21 % fell backward. While the hands, knees, and buttocks were most often the points of impact, the back, knees, ankles/feet were most frequently injured. For workers who were injured (93%), strains and sprains (29%), contusions (27%), and non-specific pain and soreness (24%) were typical. Other injuries included abrasions, fractures, edema and lacerations.
Keywords
Injury-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Nurses; Ergonomics; Surveillance; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Women; Questionnaires
Contact
Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA
Publication Date
20060701
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Pikaar-RN; Koningsveld-EAP; Settels-PJM
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DSR
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Source Name
Proceedings of the 16th World Congress on Ergonomics (IEA2006), Maastricht, The Netherlands, July 10-14, 2006
State
WV; MA; MD; Mo; FL
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